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Bladder Dysfunction

Bladder dysfunction is an umbrella term for voiding dysfunction. Bladder dysfunction encompasses overactive bladder, urinary incontinence, obstructions of urinary tract and neurological conditions affecting urination.

Bladder dysfunction may affect both men and women of all ages. It is also seen in children and the incontinence in children is commonly termed as bedwetting.

Bladder dysfunction is caused due to impaired contractions of bladder wall and pelvic muscles, inappropriate sphincter activity, neurological impairment or disorders such as multiple sclerosis and certain medications.

Individuals with bladder dysfunction may have strong and sudden urge to urinate, frequent urination, involuntary loss of urine, difficulty and painful urination, decreased force of urine stream, incomplete bladder emptying and recurrent urinary tract infections.

Physicians diagnose your condition by performing pelvic or rectal exam, neurological tests, urine and blood analysis, pelvic floor electromyography, urodynamics, fluoroscopic imaging, ultrasound and computerized tomographic scans.

Based on the cause and severity the condition may be treated with certain medications, Botox injection, behavioural therapy, electrical stimulation & neuromodulation, psychotherapy and surgical treatment using artificial urinary sphincters and slings.


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